Students and researchers from the Institute for Computational Design (ICD) and the Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE) at the University of Stuttgart completed a research pavilion that is entirely robotically fabricated from carbon and glass fiber composites. The interdisciplinary project investigated biomimetic design strategies and robotic production.
The team focused on “the material and morphological principles of arthropods’ exoskeletons as a source of exploration for a new composite construction paradigm in architecture.” They developed an innovative robotic fabrication process based on filament winding of carbon and glass fibers.
The high performance structure required a shell thickness of just 4mm, while spanning eight metres. A robot built the pavilion on-site in a purpose-built, weatherproof manufacturing environment. It placed the fibers on a temporary steel frame, weaving them round in a complex pattern like a spider creating a web.
The robot created a structure that is 8m in diameter and 3.5m tall by continuously winding more than 60 kilometres of fiber rovings. The semi-transparent skin of the research pavilion weighs less than 320kg. Check out the video below to see production footage: