Researchers at Berlin-based biotechnology firm OrganoBalance have developed candy that doesn’t cause cavities.
Cavities are caused by bacteria that stay on the person’s teeth after eating sugar. The bacteria releases acid that breaks down the enamel of the teeth and this causes cavities.
The researchers figured out a solution to fight cavities by looking into reducing this bad bacteria, which most likely is a bacteria called mutans streptococci. The team studied another type of bacteria, Lactobacillus paracasei, which was found to reduce the levels of mutans streptococci and cavities in test rats. The team figured that L. paracasei can help stop the bad bacteria from attaching itself to a person’s teeth.
To test their theory, the team developed a candy that contains dead samples of the bacteria, which binds to the cavity-causing bacteria and kills it. The test subjects who ate the candy had significantly lower levels of bad bacteria.
The researchers used dead samples of L. paracasei to avoid problems that may occur if they used live bacteria. They also noted that L. paracasei does not bind to beneficial bacteria
The research was published in Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins this month and lists Christine Lang, Caterina Holz, Christiane Alexander, Christina Balcke, Margret Moré, Annegret Auinger, Maren Bauer, Lauren Junker, Jörg Grünwald, and Markus Pompejus as its authors.