Furniture is made with an organic binder material made of sake and sugar.
Furthering the usages of 3D printing in functional art, London-based architect and designer Daniel Widrig impressed all with his Degenerate Chair, a creation printed from a mixture of sugar, plaster and Japanese rice wine. Behind the simple design of the project lies a very complex process. Techniques typically employed in the creation of complex 3D characters for computer graphics were used to shape the overall structure of the chair.
Widrig operated 3D tilling software in order to secure the shape of the chair. Excess material that didn’t merit aesthetics were scrapped off before the resulting form was broken down into a high-resolution array of 3D pixels, or other known as voxels. Due to the size limitations of the printer, the stool had to be printed in sections and then assembled manually to create its final shape.
What sets this project apart from 3D creations we’ve seen in the past is its material composition. Originally, Wildrig planned to produce the stool using an industrial stereolithography printing process, but when his partner pulled out, that idea also defaulted.
When Dezeen asked about the alternative technique, Widrig said:
The recipe we used is based on existing research but we developed it further, because the original recipes usually result in parts that are too rough and fragile for high resolution prints. To our knowledge it is the first time a 1:1 working product of that scale has been printed this way.
Replacing the original binder with sake is believed by the designer to be an inexpensive alternative. As he pointed out, “One litre of original binder is around £200, while a litre of Japanese rice wine is £8.” With further developments, Widrig foresees a way to 3D for free.
If you want to see the furniture in person, it is on display at the FRAC Centre in Orléans, France, until March.
Source, Images: Dezeen