Woven Domes Create Safe, Modern Shelters For Disaster Zones
The Weaving A Home project incorporates water collection, solar power generation and solar water heating into the design.
For the past few years the world has seen its share of devastating events and disasters that have displaced millions of people and in a way this has created a movement to design and develop shelters that are mobile, easy to deploy, robust, and even sustainable. Many designers and firms have created their own solutions over the years.
Weaving A Home is a project by architect, artist, and designer Abeer Seikaly and features a lightweight, mobile, and structural fabric that has been crafted into a woven shelter designed to be used in disaster zones.
The woven shelter is made of structural fabric that is both flexible and stretchable. The design is inspired by forms and functions found in nature – like that of the skin of a snake – as well as the art of weaving and its social element. The weave design represents how the shelters help displaced residents weave their lives back together. The description on Seikaly’s website states,
This lightweight, mobile, structural fabric could potentially close the gap between need and desire as people metaphorically weave their lives back together, physically weaving their built environment into a place both new and familiar, transient and rooted, private and connected. In this space, the refugees find a place to pause from their turbulent worlds, a place to weave the tapestry of their new lives. They weave their shelter into home.
The resulting “woven” shelter is a flexible and easy-to-transport dome-shaped structure that is designed to handle water collection, solar water heating, and solar power generation. Double-layer weatherproof fabric is drawn between durable plastic elements to create a comfortable home.
The exterior is designed to absorb solar energy which can then be converted to usable power. The design of the shelter allows water piping and power cables to be threaded between the layers.
The shelter includes a thermosiphoning system that directs water to the storage tank at the top of the dome. It also includes a drainage system to prevent flooding.
The unique design of the shelter lets the users create openings where needed to help keep the shelter well-ventilated. The walls of the structure can also close or seal up to adapt to different weather conditions.
The Weaving A Home project was a 2013 Lexus Design winner.