Researchers are creating a synthetic nanosheet that could provide the perfect surface for developing future electronic applications such as photovoltaic devices and fuel cells.

Scientists at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory are developing a synthetic, free-floating nanosheet that can potentially provide the ideal substrate for creating nanotechnology driven devices of the future. The nanosheet is made of polymers with same kind of order and precision as crystal and protein structures and is more durable than natural polymers.

Wired has more on how the researchers created the nanosheet:

By using only two types of molecular building blocks, the team dramatically reduced the number of possible sequences and simplified the self-assembly of the polymers into larger structures, such as sheets. They created 3-nanometer-thick sheets with hydrophobic, or water-fearing, chemical groups facing the inside and hydrophilic, or water-loving, molecular units on the surface.

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