Mapping the human genome showed how the internet can play a vital part in collective scientific research. Now more scientists are collaborating – and inviting amateurs and colleagues from other disciplines to get involved.

This article titled “Open science: a future shaped by shared experience” was written by Bobbie Johnson, for The Observer on Saturday 21st May 2011 23.03 UTC

On the surface, it looked as if there was nothing in mathematics that Timothy Gowers couldn’t achieve. He held a prestigious professorship at Cambridge. He had been a recipient of the Fields Medal, the highest honour in mathematics. He had even acted as a scientific consultant on Hollywood movies. Yet there were a few complex mathematical problems that he had struggled to solve. “In most cases, I just ran out of steam,” he explains.

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