In a new article the idea of reimagining the design of our urban factory spaces is explored.

From the Industrial Revolution until about WWII, factories were vertical. There were a couple of reasons; at first, it was because motive force came from water wheels and was distributed by belts, and going vertical was shorter. Then the water was replaced by big steam engines. The development of the small electric motor finally enabled equipment to spread out a bit. But more importantly, the factories had to be where the workers were, and they didn’t have cars and had to live nearby. Once workers had cars, then the factories could go suburban and spread out.

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