Food scientists are developing plant-based alternatives to meat that are produced more sustainably.

Writing for Mashable, Bill Gates shares recent innovations in food production that could take us away from a meat-based diet, which isn't very sustainable or efficient given the land and water requirements, and environmental impact.

Meat consumption has doubled in the last twenty years and is expected to double again by 2050. Several food companies are developing plant-based alternatives to meat that have the same taste and “mouth feel” as the real thing.

Gates points to Beyond Meat, Hampton Creek Foods, and Lyrical, who use pressure and and precisely heat and cool oils and plant proteins (like powdered soybeans and vegetable fiber) to achieve the perfect flavor and texture of meat or eggs. He writes:

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